Antiracist Reading List

This is the list of readings discussed in the Purdue math antiracism reading group. Numbered items have been read and discussed, while bulleted items have been suggested but not yet read. The items are presented in the order we read them, not in any order of importance. Most things on the list are worth reading. Note that inclusion on this list is not an endorsement of the ideas expressed in the work – some items were included to give context to another work which provides opposing views.

If you are looking to get your feet wet, I recommend you start with book 1 and articles 2, 4, and 10. If you would like to join the discussion, see what we are doing on the reading group homepage. If you have suggestions for additional readings, please send them to our mailing list.


  1. Answering White People’s Most Commonly Asked Questions about the Black Lives Matter Movement by Courtney Martin
  2. Equity, inclusion, and antiblackness in mathematics education by Danny Bernard Martin
  3. Who Gets to Be Afraid in America? by Ibram X. Kendi
  4. Political conocimiento for teaching mathematics by Rochelle Gutiérrez
  5. Why (Urban) Mathematics Teachers Need Political Knowledge by Rochelle Gutiérrez
  6. White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack by Peggy McIntosh
  7. “No One Wants to Believe It”: Manifestations of White Privilege in a STEM-Focused College by Kelly Grindstaff and Michael Mascarenhas
  8. For a Black Mathematician, What It’s Like to Be the ‘Only One’ by Amy Harmon
  9. What I Learned While Reporting on the Dearth of Black Mathematicians by Amy Harmon
  10. The Role of Professional Societies in STEM Diversity by Vernon R. Morris and Talitha M. Washington
  11. Why Sexist Language Matters by Sherryl Kleinman
  12. Ain’t I A Woman? by Sojourner Truth
  13. Gender Shades: Intersectional Accuracy Disparities in Commercial Gender Classification by Joy Buolamwini and Timnit Gebru
  14. The Misbegotten URM as a Data Point by Estela Mara Bensimon
  15. Why We’re Capitalizing Black by Nancy Coleman
  16. More Than Just Skill: Examining Mathematics Identities, Racialized Narratives, and Remediation Among Black Undergraduates by Gregory Larnell
  17. How to Talk to Your Family About Racism on Thanksgiving by Rachel Elizabeth Cargle
  18. A Talk to Teachers by James Baldwin
  19. The Case for Reparations by Ta-Nehisi Coates
  20. Viewpoint: US must confront its Original Sin to move forward by Barrett Holmes Pitner
  21. How to respond to “riots never solve anything!” by Rafi D’Angelo
  22. Kimberlé Crenshaw’s Intersectional Feminism by JSTOR Daily editors
  23. Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color by Kimberlé Crenshaw
  24. Ibram X. Kendi on how to build an antiracist movement (interview by Bina Venkataraman)
  25. A Framework for Understanding Whiteness in Mathematics Education by Dan Battey and Luis A. Leyva
  26. Hungry And Homeless In College: Results From A National Study Of Basic Needs Insecurity In Higher Education by Sara Goldrick-Rab, Jed Richardson, and Anthony Hernandez
  27. Refusing Systemic Violence Against Black Children by Danny Bernard Martin, Paula Groves Price, and Roxanne Moore
  28. Why Mathematics (Education) was Late to the Backlash Party: The Need for a Revolution by Rochelle Gutiérrez
  29. “You Would Not Believe What I Have to Go Through to Prove My Intellectual Value!” Stereotype Management Among Academically Successful Black Mathematics and Engineering Students by Ebony O. McGee and Danny Bernard Martin
  30. “I Am Not a Racist But…”: Mapping White College Students’ Racial Ideology in the USA by Eduardo Bonilla-Silva and Tyrone Forman
  31. Hidden Assumptions and Unaddressed Questions in Mathematics for All Rhetoric by Danny Bernard Martin
  32. Race, Racial Projects, and Mathematics Education by Danny Bernard Martin
  33. Get Out The Way by Piper Harron
  34. Three Questions: The Journey of One Black Mathematician by Edray Goins
  35. Embracing Nepantla: Rethinking “Knowledge” and its Use in mathematics teaching by Rochelle Gutiérrez
  36. White Fragility by Robin DiAngelo
  37. Great Expectations: The Negative Consequences of Falling Short by Colin P. Ho, Denise M. Driscoll, and Danielle L. Loosbrock
  38. Pandemics and Issues of Equity by Naomi A. Jessup, Jennifer A. Wolfe, Oyita Udiani and Crystal A. Kalinec-Craig
  39. Ethnomathematics and its Place in the History and Pedagogy of Mathematics, book chapter by Ubiratan D’Ambrosio
  40. Black Thoughts Matter by C. K. Raju
  41. Towards Equity in Mathematics Education 1. Good-Bye Euclid! by C. K. Raju
  42. Good-Bye Pythagoras? by Elizabeth Greene
  43. Essentialism and Experience by bell hooks
  44. Stop Celebrating Thanksgiving by Stephanie Masta
  45. Mathematical Microaggressions Francis Su
  46. Normalizing Black Girls’ Humanity in Mathematics Classrooms by Nicole M Joseph, Meseret F Hailu, and Jamaal Sharif Matthews
  47. The Impossibility of Being “Perfect and White”: Black Girls’ Racialized and Gendered Schooling Experiences by Dorinda J. Carter Andrews, Tashal Brown, Eliana Castro, and Effat Id-Deen
  48. Where Did BIPOC Come From? by Sandra E. Garcia
  49. “All of These Political Questions”: Anticommunism, Racism, and the Origin of the Notices of the American Mathematical Society by Michael J. Barany
  50. Racism in Remediation: How Black Students Navigate Stereotypes to Achieve Success in Developmental Mathematics by Maxine Roberts
  51. How Many Bad Apples? Investigating Implicit and Explicit Bias Among Police Officers and the General Public by Jomills H. Braddock, II, Rachel E. Lautenschlager, Alex R. Piquero, and Nicole Leeper Piquero
  52. This Is How We Juneteenth by Gina Cherelus
  53. Beyond the Land Acknowledgement:College “LAND BACK” or Free Tuition for Native Students by Megan Red Shirt-Shaw
  54. Land-grab universities by Robert Lee and Tristan Ahtone
  55. Students and faculty urge deeper look at land-grant legacy by Jessica Douglas
  56. Ready to Be an Ally for Black Academics? Here’s a Start by Ebony O. McGee
  57. Devalued Black and Latino Racial Identities: A By-Product of STEM College Culture? by Ebony O. McGee
  58. An open letter to SCOTUS from professional physicists by the Equity & Inclusion in Physics & Astronomy group
  59. So You Call Yourself an Ally: 10 Things All ‘Allies’ Need to Know by Jamie Utt
  60. Mathematics holds the key to increasing STEM enrollment of U.S. students by Bill Vélez
  61. Mathematical light shines blindly on us by Bill Vélez
  62. Ethnomathematics and the Limits of Culture by Aldexandre Pais
  63. Teaching Should Be Political by Clint Smith
  64. On Structural Racism and Science by Erik Loomis
  65. Todos Cuentan: Cultivating Diversity in Combinatorics by Federico Ardila-Mantilla
  66. On Proof and Progress in Mathematics by William Thurston, responding to “Theoretical Mathematics”: Toward a Cultural Synthesis of Mathematics and Theoretical Physics” by Arthur Jaffe and Frank Quinn
  67. The importance of stupidity in scientific research by Martin A. Schwartz
  68. The imposter phenomenon in high achieving women: Dynamics and therapeutic intervention by Pauline Rose Clance and Suzanne Imes
  69. Challenging what counts as mathematics: Reflecting on teacher’s perceptions of culturally responsive pedagogy in the mathematics classroom by Kathleen Nolan & Shana Graham
  70. Structure Matters: Twenty-One Teaching Strategies to Promote Student Engagement and Cultivate Classroom Equity by Kimberly D. Tanner
  71. Returning to ‘Normal’ in Education is Not Good Enough by Bob Moses 1.Mathematics Education Through the Lens of Social Justice: Acknowledgment, Actions, and Accountability by the National Council of Supervisors of Mathematics and TODOS: Mathematics for ALL
  72. To Keep Students in STEM fields, Let’s Weed Out the Weed-Out Math Classes by Pamela Burdman
  73. New Math Research Group Reflects a Schism in the Field by Rachel Crowell
  74. Six Ways Mathematics Instructors Can Support Diversity and Inclusion by Natalie LF Hobson.
  75. Six Ways to be Aniracist by Rebecca Ruiz
  76. “Color Neutral” Is Not a Thing: Redefining Construct Definition and Representation through a Justice Oriented Critical Antiracist Lens by Jennifer Randall
  77. When black people are in pain, white people just join book clubs by Tre Johnson
  78. Cross-Cultural Study of Cognitive and Metacognitive Processes During Math Problem Solving by Barbara Cozza and Maria Oreshkina
  79. The Nonperformativity of Antiracism by Sara Ahmed
  80. Ending racism is key to better science: a message from Nature’s guest editors by Melissa Nobles, Chad Womack, Ambroise Wonkam & Elizabeth Wathuti
  81. Do introductory courses disproportionately drive minoritized students out of STEM pathways? by Neil Hatfield, Nathanial Brown, & Chad M Topaz
  82. The unseen Black faces of AI algorithms by Abeba Birhane
  83. Making whiteness visible: The promise of critical race theory in engineering education by Stephanie Masta
  84. Todxs cuentan: building community and welcoming humanity from the first day of class. by Federico Ardilla-Mantilla
  85. More Than Just Skill: Examining Mathematics Identities, Racialized Narratives, and Remediation Among Black Undergraduates by Gregory Larnell
  86. Urban Mathematics Education as a Political and Personal Project by Gregory Larnell and Danny Bernard Martin
  87. “It Seems like They Purposefully Try to Make as Many Kids Drop”: An Analysis of Logics and Mechanisms of Racial-Gendered Inequality in Introductory Mathematics Instruction by Luis A. Leyva, R. Taylor McNeill, Brittany L. Marshall & Oscar A. Guzmán


  1. How to Be an Antiracist by Ibram X. Kendi
  2. White Fragility by Robin DiAngelo
  3. Blindspot: hidden biases of good people by Mahzarin R. Banaji
  4. Asked and Answered: Dialogues On Advocating For Students of Color in Mathematics by Pamela Harris and Aris Winger
  5. Are Prisons Obsolete? by Angela Davis
  6. Teaching to Transgress by bell hooks
  7. Me and white supremacy: combat racism, change the world, and become a good ancestor by Layla F Saad
  8. Racism without Racists by Eduardo Bonilla-Silva
  9. Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria? by Beverly Daniel Tatum
  10. Mathematics for Human Flourishing by Francis Su
  11. White Rage: The Unspoken Truth of Our Racial Divide by Carol Anderson
  12. Count Me In edited by Della Dumbaugh and Deanna Haunsperger
  13. Mathematics for Social Justice: Resources for the College Classroom edited by Gizem Karaali and Lily S. Khadjavi


  1. Taking a Knee in Mathematics Education by Danny Bernard Martin
  2. The danger of a single story by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
  3. “Why We Can’t Wait”: Using Social Justice to Transform Data Science by Talitha Washington
  4. 13th (a feature film on Netflix)
  5. 10 things every math educator should know by Rochelle Gutiérrez
  6. Rehumanizing Mathematics: A Vision for the Future by Rochelle Gutiérrez
  7. Asian Americans: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver
  8. Is PragerU Right About Diversity in STEM? by Dr. Fatima
  9. Seeking racial equity and social justice in mathematics teaching and learning by Robert Berry
  10. Black Queer Town Hall in STEM panel discussion
  11. Keynote: Roles for Computing in Social Change Rediet Abebe (University of California, Berkeley) by Rediet Abebe

Other resources

  1. Black at Purdue
    • examples relating specifically to math class: A, B.
    • examples relating specifically to group work: A, B, C, D, E, F.
    • examples of mistreatment by instructors: A, B.

Other people’s reading lists

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